Fine motor skills

Fine motor skills involve the use of the smaller muscle of the

hands, commonly in activities like using pencils, scissors,

construction with lego or duplo,  doing up buttons and

opening lunch boxes.

Fine motor skill efficiency significantly influences the quality of the task outcome as well as the speed of task performance. Efficient fine motor skills require a number of independent skills to work together to appropriately manipulate the object or perform the task.

In Young Fives, we work on incorporating the exercising of small muscles into much of what we do.


What skills do ‘fine motor skills’ include?

  • Academics skills  including

    • Pencil skills (scribbling, coloring, drawing, writing)

    • Scissors skills (cutting)

  • Play

    • Construction skills using lego, puzzles, train tracks

    • Doll dressing and manipulation

    • Rolling, pinching, shaping playdough

  • Self care including

    • dressing – tying shoelaces, zips, buttons, belts

    • eating – using cutlery, opening milk 

    • hygiene – cleaning teeth, brushing hair, toileting.

Note: Visual perception (accurately using vision, ‘seeing’ and

interpreting)  is not strictly a fine motor skill but directly

supports fine motor skill performance.


Why are fine motor skills important?

Fine motor skills are essential for performing everyday skills

as outlined above as well academic skills. Without the ability to complete these every day tasks, a child’s self esteem can suffer, their academic performance is compromised and their play options are very limited. They are also unable to develop appropriate independence in ‘life’ skills (such as getting dressed and feeding themselves) which in turn has social implications not only within the family but also within peer relationships.

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Palmyra, NY 14522